Low back pain is a problem for a lot of people, it is the most common reason for work absence and it is estimated that 149 million work days are taken off sick due to low back pain. The cost of low back pain on the US, through medical treatment and the lack of productivity is estimated at 100-200 billion dollars per year. Over 80 percent of people will experience an episode of low back pain at some point of their lives and some of which do not recover and have to deal with chronic back pain for the rest of their lives. The risk factors that are associated with low back pain tend to be manual jobs that require heavy lifting or the use machine tools. However, sometimes people can develop low back pain from no reason at all.
Why do people develop Low Back Pain?
- Lack of exercise and inactivity
- Bad posture
- Being overweight
- Lifting something heavy or moving suddenly and causing a strain or sprain
- An accident which causes a compressed spine or slipped disc
- Medical issues such as arthritis, spondylitis, sciatica, kidney infections, or an infection of the spine (just to name a few)
This list shows that the majority of reasons why people develop Low Back Pain are due to the individual’s health and exercise status.
As the spine is the column that supports our weight and protects our spinal cord nerves that branch out the rest of our body, if we do not keep the back strong then the muscles will weaken which leaves it more prone to injury. Lack of exercise also encourages swelling and the degeneration of the discs in-between the vertebrae in the spine and this eventually gets worse as we get older. Experimental studies show that controlled exercises not only restore function, they reduce distress and illness behaviour, and promote return to work, and actually reduce pain. Studies also shows that management of pain must change from a negative philosophy of rest to more active restoration and function.
How does exercise help Low Back Pain?
- Exercise helps strengthen the spine and the surrounding muscles.
- Keeps the connective fibers and ligaments flexible to prevent any muscle tears, sprains or strains.
- Muscles are stimulated in the recovery stage by increasing blood flow to the muscles and reduce pain
it is important to make the effort to exercise from day to day to keep ourselves fit and healthy. If you find that you are suffering from low back pain and want to make it better then here are some ways on how;
- Perform a plank every day
- Lose weight if you are overweight
- Lift properly from the knees and not the back
- Stretch on a regular basis and practice yoga
- Perform back strengthening exercises
- Stay active everyday by walking, swimming or performing low impact activities.
- Use a foam roller
If low back pain is left untreated the acute pain can lead to chronic pain and create tension in the legs and hips and could lead to nerve damage.
If you have back pain that does not go away after 72hrs you need to go and see a physiotherapist or orthopedist to take a look and have the problem assessed.
World Health Organization Website – Low back pain Janet K. Freburger, PT, PhD,1,2 George M. Holmes, PhD,1 Robert P. Agans, PhD,3,4 Anne M. Jackman, MSW,1Jane D. Darter, BA,1 Andrea S. Wallace, RN, PhD,5 Liana D. Castel, PhD,1 William D. Kalsbeek, PhD,3,4 andTimothy S. Carey, MD, MPH1,6, The Rising Prevalence Of Chronic Low Back Pain Waddell G , 1987 Volvo award in clinical sciences. A new clinical model for the treatment of low-back pain Frymoyer J W; Pope, M H; Clements, J H; Wilder, D G; Macpherson, B; Ashikaga, T - Risk factors in low back pain. An Epidemiological survey.